Soon after the American withdrawal from Iraq 2011, the headlines of the so-called “resistance factions”, Shiite militias backed by Iran, were made public, with media attempts to disrupt the local public, by celebrating the victory over foreign forces that withdrew under the strategic agreement signed by Baghdad and Washington, with approval The Iraqi parliament in July 2011.
And a number of Shiite militias promoted in Iraq, they forced the American occupation forces to withdraw, to establish their military and political presence later, especially since the local street was questioning the feasibility of recruiting young people under the banner of "resistance", while the political system in the country, a legal system that brought mechanisms Democracy, supported by the most prominent Shiite references in Iraq and the world, is the cleric Ali Sistani, who is based in the religious city of Najaf.
Among the most prominent Shiite factions that fought fierce fighting with the American forces are the Hezbollah Brigades in Iraq, the Asaib Ahl al-Haq movement (led by Qais Khazali), the Mahdi Army (led by Muqtada al-Sadr), and the Sayyid al-Shuhada Brigade (led by Abu Al-Walay), knowing that the Badr Organization (Led by Hadi al-Amiri), she joined the same axis politically but did not fight the Americans because she was under the wing of the Supreme Islamic Iraqi Council (led by the late Muhammad Baqir al-Hakim, who was assassinated in 2004), who entered the political process after the change in 2003.
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[size]Who are the Hezbollah brigades in Iraq?
The city of Al-Sadr, east of the capital, Baghdad, was an attractive field for religious references, the most prominent of which is the reference of the late Muhammad Muhammad Sadiq Al-Sadr (Muqtada’s father, who was assassinated and his two sons in 1999). Also, Sadr City, with 4 million people, out of a total of 8 million residents of the capital, Baghdad, represented the fertile base for these references, including the Iranian guide, Ali Khamenei, who had fine lines with the youth of that city that fought a fierce rebellious struggle Against the security services During the previous regime. And what followed the fall after the year 2003, Iran was able to invest the followers of its guide inside Iraq, in the interest of its political project against the new political process that became American sponsorship.
Commenting on this issue, Luay Hafez (a security expert) said to Al-Arabiya.net that “Khamenei's reference lines were used by the Quds Force, one of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard factions, to form armed factions that are resisting the American presence according to the fatwas of the axis of the jurist’s mandate, Iran.” , Indicating that "the first core of the resistance, which was purely Khamenei, was formed through battalions called Hezbollah Brigades in Iraq, which are organizationally linked with Hezbollah, Lebanon."
[size][You must be registered and logged in to see this image.] Iraqi militia (AFP)“Uncle Peace” and Hezbollah
He added that "the leaders of these brigades are unknown, but they have a Shura Council and a council president, called Khal Al Salam, which is an unreal name, of course," noting that "this secrecy is due to the security discipline and the fear of the American breach of them similar to what happened in the Mahdi Army of Muqtada the chest".
The Hezbollah Brigades in Iraq was not bound by any truce the Iraqi government is making with anti-American armed factions, but rather continues its combat missions through secret orders specifically issued by the Quds Force Channel.
To that, Hafez explained that "Al-Khalil Salam and his group are strictly guided by the directives of General Qassem Soleimani, without an Iraqi political or reference party interfering in its work." January 2016. "
The Iraqi security expert also confirmed that "the battalion leaders threatened at the time, the director of the office of the former Prime Minister, Mahdi Al-Alaq, about the government's interference in this matter."
To that, he considered that "most of the rockets that are launched on the Green Zone bear the imprint of the Phalanges, and they are fired from the areas of the highest areas of Sadr City, east of Baghdad, that is, areas bearing the names (Al-Dasma, Al-Shammiyya and Tariq neighborhood), which are remote areas that are subject only to the control of the militias, as well as The brigades carry out qualitative military operations and manufacture explosive devices that detonated foreign military frames in Shiite areas in central and southern Iraq. "
[size][You must be registered and logged in to see this image.] Hezbollah Brigades in IraqAsaib Ahl al-Haq .. and separation from the chest by Iranian order
Upon the completion of the Charge of the Knights' operations that Iraqi forces fought during the rule of Nuri al-Maliki in 2007, where the victory over the authority of the Mahdi Army of the leader of the Sadrist movement, Muqtada al-Sadr, was arrested in southern and central cities, a number of Sadr militia leaders were arrested, the most prominent of whom was Qais Khazali (the right hand of Sadr). ), His brother Laith Al-Khazali, the leader Adnan Fayhan (the head of the Al-Asa’ib bloc in the current parliament), and the leader Abd al-Hadi al-Darraji (a cleric who retired from politics now).
In this context, a former Sadrist leader, who requested anonymity, told Al-Arabia: “The security forces arrested most of the leaders of the Mahdi Army, and put them in what is called Bucca prison, in the vicinity of Umm Qasr in the city of Basra, in southern Iraq, where the prison included Leaders of the Shiite and Sunni resistance, including Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, "stating that" the Shiite resistance wing was in a prison isolated from the Sunni resistance wing prison. "
[size][You must be registered and logged in to see this image.] Leader of the Asa’ib Ahl al-Haq militia in Iraq, Qais Khazali (archive)
He added that "inside the prison there were religious and political seminars and symposia, and contacts with external parties through the cooperation of prison guards who were bribed with ease", pointing out that "Khazali was the channel of Muqtada al-Sadr with the Iranian side through support and logistical financing, with money and weapons."
The former Sadrist leader also stressed that "Khazali later agreed with the Iranians, through a private channel, on a special situation for the resistance, and the Iranians managed to persuade him to separate from Sadr and establish an armed group that he leads himself", stressing that "the armed group initially called them the special groups, It was targeting US and British bases in Baghdad and southern Iraq, and that was at the end of 2007. "
[size]Armed operations of the gangs
Asaib Ahl al-Haq (formerly Special Groups), fought a fierce race with other Shiite factions in proving their presence, at least for the Iranians, inside Iraq, and led several armed operations, assassinations, and kidnappings of local and international officials.
One of the security sources in the intelligence said, "The Asa’ib Ahl al-Haq group carried out criminal and terrorist operations according to Iraqi local law, including the robbery of the Iraqi Finance Ministry, the killing of about 3 British hostages, and the kidnapping of another British, who were in an official meeting with Iraqi officials inside the ministry in May 2007, "indicating that" Asaib carried out an attack on the headquarters of the local government in the city of Karbala, and killed five American soldiers with another armed attack in January 2007 as well. "
[size][You must be registered and logged in to see this image.] Iraqi militia (AFP)
The security source also confirmed to Al-Arabiya.net that "the surprise armed attack of the foreign forces made the Iraqi government headed by Nuri al-Maliki at the time open a channel for negotiations with the gangs through a former Sadrist political figure, Salam al-Maliki (Minister of Transport in the Ibrahim al-Jaafari government in 2004)", He pointed out that "Salam al-Maliki came out of the cloak of Muqtada al-Sadr, and became a political figure associated with Qais Khazali, who was released by agreement between the government and Asaib the moment the Americans left Iraq in 2011."
It is worth noting that the Asa’ib Ahl al-Haq movement has political weight within the Al-Fateh Alliance (led by Hadi al-Amiri), the political leader of the Adel Abdul-Mahdi government. Social Majid Abdul Zaman, and Minister of Culture Abdul Amir al-Hamdani.
[size]Badr Organization .. defection and loyalty to Khamenei
The Badr Organization, the military wing of the former Islamic Supreme Council of Iraq, and the political entity currently independent of the Council, led by Hadi al-Amiri, did not initiate known military operations during the first years of the political process after 2003, but rather embraced the cloak of its indigenous party, which was formed with other parties, the process The new policy, and after disagreeing with the leader of the Supreme Council at the time, Ammar al-Hakim, al-Amiri defected from his mother party, and declared public fiqh loyalty to the Iranian leader, Ali Khamenei. After his support for the second government of Nuri al-Maliki (2010-2014), which received Iranian blessing, while al-Hakim refused to support al-Maliki's private political conviction.
[size][You must be registered and logged in to see this image.] Qassem Al-Araji and Hadi Al-Amri - Badr Organization
Kamal Al-Waeli, a professor of political science at the University of Wasit, Iraq, said, "The Badr Organization won the Ministry of Transport, during the reign of Maliki's second government, and returned to its former radical climate during the days of opposition to Saddam Hussein's regime, by adopting the ideological discourse of the jurist, after it was hiding under the pragmatic policy of Al-Hakim The university is between Najafi religious jurisprudence and political civilization, even with a simple thing, stressing that “the reason for Amir’s departure from Hakim’s political cloak was the result of the juristic submission to Khamenei's orders in support of Nuri al-Maliki’s policy, who lined up with Iran after the Arab Spring events, and the developments of events in Syria ".
He also assured Al-Arabiya.net that “Al-Amiri invested the entry of ISIS to Iraq, by working to militarize the Shiite youth and their leadership in the war against the terrorist organization that invaded Iraq in June 2014,” stating that “the leader of the Badr Organization, has resumed its activity similar to that of the opposition Through his leadership of Badr’s military operations against Iraqi forces in the 1980s in favor of Iran.
[size][You must be registered and logged in to see this image.] Iraqi militia (AFP)
And Al-Waeli said, "Iran was the meeting of Al-Amiri and the rest of the factions of the so-called axis of resistance, and among them they fought together against terrorist organizations in the country, and among them they also began forming a political, electoral, coalition entity, known as the Al-Fateh Alliance, which brought Adel Abdul-Mahdi as head of the current government, according to political agreements. With other blocs, "he says.