[size=30]More than 50 billion dollars to combat "Corona" ... What does it mean to declare a state of emergency in America?[/size]
US President Donald Trump declared Friday a national emergency in the United States due to the spread of the Corona virus in the country.
The declaration of the state of emergency comes as one of the most important steps of the US administration to tackle the spread of the Corona virus, which has killed about 41 people inside the country.
What does an emergency declaration mean?
A state of emergency is a state that authorizes the US administration to carry out actions or impose policies that it is not normally permitted to do, and which it declares during disasters, civil disobedience, or armed conflicts and conflicts so that it alerts citizens to change their natural behavior and orders government agencies to implement emergency plans.
In 1976 a "National Emergency Law" was signed aimed at preventing the imposition of open-ended emergencies and strengthening the powers of Congress to monitor the president's powers under these conditions.
The law allows the president to spend tens of billions of dollars to stop the state of emergency that could have been spent differently.
The President shall assume the powers conferred on him by the Stafford Act 1988, which enables the President to use disaster relief funds and other emergency assistance funds with the approval of Congress.
The Stafford Act allocates billions of dollars in funds to test kits for viruses, drugs, and other medical supplies, and even food and water, upon state requests.
During the emergency announcement, Friday, Trump said the law would open the door for more federal aid to combat the virus, which could reach $ 50 billion.
He added that the administration will abandon the rules that govern the place where patients receive treatment, as well as the rules that govern the number of hospital beds that can be located in one place.
Trump also mentioned that Google is developing a website that will make it easier for Americans to check out the new Corona virus.
The US administration expects to provide 1.4 million tests by next week, and another five million by next month.
What happens when declaring an emergency?
In the United States, the president can declare a state of emergency at the national level, making 500 federal laws in effect. Governors of states or mayors can declare a state of emergency that covers only their state.
The application of the emergency varies from country to country, but the measures that the government can take after declaring the emergency are:
It is noteworthy that since 1976 every US president declared at least one national emergency, and former President Obama declared a state of emergency in 2009 during the swine flu epidemic.
Trump was criticized for declaring a national emergency at the US-Mexico border in 2018, when billions of dollars were spent on spending to build a wall along the border.
It is noteworthy that the number of confirmed cases of coronavirus in the United States exceeded, as of Friday noon, 2000 confirmed cases, while the number of deaths rose to 41 deaths.