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Walid Khaled Al-Zaidi
The geological structure, the large extension of the land area of Iraq, and the interconnected diversity of its mineral resources have made it a fertile spot for possessing enormous wealth of non-metallic raw materials that are not limited to oil only, but the land of Iraq also contains natural gas, which is often found near oil fields and has been adopted as a necessary factor economically and industrially for its entry into the circle. Raw materials in many industries, services, and household uses necessary in the daily life of people in all countries, in addition to its uses in agriculture, trade, and electric power generation, as it is the most important source of alternative energy to oil from fuels that are highly efficient, low-cost, and have low emissions that pollute the environment. Gas was found in the land of Mesopotamia across For thousands of years, it turned into natural gas due to the pressure and heat factors resulting from the sedimentary layers by converting many organic materials into this important composite material.
Due to its importance in supporting the national economy, the Ministry of Oil has developed a plan within an expected measure next year that will contribute to resolving the gas crisis and reducing its imports, based mainly on the presence of a government trend to increase its production and projects to introduce it into the energy industry in Iraq, as the Ministry plans to add at least (700) million cubic feet. Of gas in the projects of the second phase of Basra and the Halfaya and Nasiriyah projects, this would contribute to resolving the gas crisis and constitute more than half of Iraq’s imports from it, in addition to including the sixth licensing round for gas projects and the government’s interest in the Mansouriya and Akkas fields, which reflects the state’s interest in the issue of increasing gas production to reduce the gap. The demand for electricity currently in the country and thus the trend towards increasing the production capacity of this product.
The past few days have revealed the aspirations of the national will and the plans drawn up by those responsible for this sector, when the Basra Gas Company announced achieving self-sufficiency in liquefied gas, which is used for domestic purposes, and increasing its production rate during the last period, while adopting modern strategies and technologies to implement projects and seeking to meet the country’s need and provide gas. There is There are good signs of exporting the surplus of it abroad, especially in its reference to the method of export when it confirmed that some of the company’s export port berths are not ready in terms of safety and security requirements and its endeavor to build another complete berth to export cooking gas and begin increasing the actual production and export of this high-pressure substance by (296). ) Shipment in record time.
In order for Iraq to be a major source of this wealth instead of being an importer of it, with exports starting to eleven countries at the present time, it is necessary to praise the efforts of the company’s cadres, strive to frame future plans, and be able to initiate a new project, which is the export of semi-cooled gas by changing its specifications to be The volume of shipments is larger and they are sent to distant places, which would bring a better economic return.
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