"Because of the Opec agreement, we were directly affected by a ceiling on oil production, as well as indirect effects related to the decline in investment activity," Maxime Oreshkin said in remarks quoted by Reuters on Thursday.
The growth rate of the oil-based economy slowed in the third quarter of this year to 1.8 percent from 2.5 percent in the second quarter, according to economic data released this month.
The statement was the first comment by an official in Russia criticizing the agreement signed between Moscow and members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries.
OPEC is due to hold its meeting on November 30 in Vienna, to discuss the possibility of extending the agreement to reduce production until the end of 2018.
The decision to cut output to 1.8 million barrels per day expires in March, according to OPEC members and beyond.
According to the agreement, Russia agreed to cut production by 300,000 barrels per day compared to production levels in October 2016.