Report: Iraq among 27 countries suffering from severe water shortages[/rtl]
[rtl]Release date:: 2019/8/11 9:52 • 16 times read[/rtl]
One in four people now lives in a country facing "very high" water shortages, according to a report by the World Resources Institute (WRI).
Of the 17 countries with a major water crisis, 12 are in the Middle East and North Africa, with Qatar, Israel and Lebanon at the top of the list.
Iran, Jordan, Libya, Kuwait, the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain and Oman are among the countries with a very high water crisis.
In addition, 27 other countries are suffering from severe water shortages, including Yemen, Algeria, Tunisia, Morocco, Iraq, Syria, Turkey, Egypt and others.
Experts say global warming is worsening the situation in these countries, and according to World Bank data, by 2050 the region will suffer the biggest economic losses due to climate-related water shortages, estimated at between 6 and 14% of GDP.
The largest water consumers in these countries are in agriculture and industry in addition to human needs, especially in cities.
However, the report notes that there is still room for improvement in the MENA region. If wastewater is reused in the region, Amman, a country with a “very high” water shortage, treats 100% of collected wastewater and re-uses 78%. About 84% of all wastewater in the Gulf is treated and 44% reused.
The report ends with the conclusions optimistic, where the institute suggests that through joint work and invest in better management, we can solve water problems in Alm.anthy
referred to the Iraqi Ministry of Water Resources, announced the sixth of this August it "reassure citizens that water inventories for this good year It meets all water needs for agriculture, drinking, industry, municipalities and environmental purposes for the next two seasons. "
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