Iraq sets a roadmap for dispensing electricity to Iran
According to the agency 'Agence France Presse' French, that [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] 'one of the most free countries in the world', seeks to make repairs a long - awaited paving for dispensing Iranian energy, for several reasons , most notably the weight of popular protests summer on the chronic power outages, the US pressure to prevent the import of energy from Iran .
With the formation of a new government, the French agency quoted sources as saying that 'the Ministry of Electricity is considering several options, including the restoration of stations and lines to reduce waste, and the import of energy from other countries, and improve the process of collection to enhance revenue'.
Baghdad hopes to provide enough megawatts to cover the needs by summer, when millions are affected by power outages of more than 20 hours a day. But that does not mean that the time is open, there is a deadline before things get worse, to protect the electricity sector, [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.]To a 45-day exemption from US sanctions imposed in November on [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] 's nuclear program, which was extended for 90 days. [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.]
imports up to 28 million cubic meters of natural gas from Tehran to its factories and directly buys 1,300 megawatts of Iranian electricity. "In two weeks, we will present our plan to the Americans, which will last five years and will be evaluated annually by the American side," the spokesman said. And floating [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] on 153 billion barrels of crude oil reserves, but it needs to fuel gas and the highest quality for the operation of power plants.[You must be registered and logged in to see this link.]
The teacher acknowledges that if Iraq can dispense with Iranian electricity, it needs Tehran gas until it has the ability to extract its gas or invest gas burned during the extraction of oil. By using its fuel alongside Iranian gas, Iraq could produce about 16,000 megawatts of electricity. This is far less than the need, which starts at about 24,000 MW and reaches 30,000 in the summer, with temperatures reaching 50 ° C.
Most of this shortage is technical. As [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] transfers energy, between 30 and 50 percent of it is lost in weak infrastructure, according to the Iraqi Energy Institute. Some are outdated, but there are pipelines, pipelines and stations that have also been attacked by Was defeated by the Iraqi security forces at the end of 2017. The rehabilitation of this infrastructure is essential in the plan of the Ministry of Electricity.
The teacher notes the $ 10 billion MoU signed with Siemens and the $ 15 billion General Electric to improve infrastructure. That could add up to 24,000 megawatts over five years, 'and we could get that to 40,000 megawatts,' according to the teacher.
The new electricity minister, Louay Khatib of Siemens and General Electric, has asked for a quick route to boost power generation by summer. Baghdad is looking for ways to fund such efforts, including a $ 600 million financing deal between General Electric, the Iraqi Trade Bank and Standard Chartered, announced at the end of November.
The teacher is referring to another ministerial initiative, including the replacement of Iranian energy with imports from other neighboring countries, including 300 MW from Turkey, Jordan and Kuwait, as well as Saudi solar energy. In a glimmer of hope for the success of the plan, Iraqi President Barham Salih toured Amman, Kuwait and Riyadh in his first regional tour since his election.
In addition, Baghdad seeks to recover the money it lost as a result of the ministry's weak collection service. "If we reduce these rumors, we will lose the Iranian lines," the teacher says. [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.]
began[You must be registered and logged in to see this link.]Last year the process of privatization by contracting with companies that offer the service of collection to ensure collection of electricity bills. "The process of privatizing the collection has actually reduced power cuts in Baghdad," said Samir Hussain, an employee at the distribution department at the Ministry of Electricity. "They pay, reduce their use by half, which allows me to redirect the megawatts to other neighborhoods and avoid cutting operations," he says. But there are still obstacles, including Iran's late bills on previous imports.
The draft budget for 2019 that [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] allocated about 800 million dollars for the amount of Iranian gas arrears and about 350 million dollars to pay cash for Iranian electricity, according to the Iraqi Energy Institute. Another problem is that Iraq's electricity ministry is overflowing, says energy expert Harry Stepanian. For example, neighboring Kuwait generates [You must be registered and logged in to see this link.]Similar to Iraq, but its ministry employs 12 thousand compared to 140 thousand in Iraq. The ministry has also been accused of corruption on a large scale, and Khatib has vowed to investigate.
He drew Estbanian to AFP that 'everything planned by the minister is doomed to failure, if there is no reform.'
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