The joint province of Basra, with the participation of most gatherings and activists in addition to a group of citizens and civil society organizations who support the formation of the region in the province rich in oil and gas, which lies in southernmost of Iraq.
The Basra provincial council voted recently, by an absolute majority to turn it into a province, calling on the provinces wishing to join the planned province.
Prosecutors launched a lawsuit in the province of Basra early after the US invasion of Iraq in 2003, but it has not been successful for several reasons, including the failure of the federal government in Baghdad to proceed with legal procedures to declare the territory.
The permanent Iraqi constitution provides for the right of "every province or more, to form a territory at the request of a referendum on it." The process is done in one of two ways: "Request from one third of the members in each of the provincial councils that intend to form the territory, or a request of ten voters in each of the provinces that intend to form the territory."
The conference of the unified province of Basra resulted in the final statement four points as attached as follows: