Water resources expect a decrease of about 11 billion cubic meters in Iraq's water share
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The Ministry of Water Resources expressed its fear that Turkey would complete the works of water projects, dams and reservoirs, and thus affect the quantities arriving to Iraq, warning that in the event of disagreement with Turkey, Syria and Iran, there will be a shortage of about 11 billion cubic meters of water supplies that reach Iraq by 2035.
A spokesman for the ministry, Aoun Diab, said: “We fear that neighboring Turkey will complete all its work, including projects, dams, reservoirs and irrigation projects, and at that time the remaining quantity that reaches Iraq will be limited and of poor quality,” according to Ruwadu.
He explained that "Turkey has many programs, as it is building another dam in addition to the Ilisu dam, which is the Slivan Dam, which is located in the northeast of Diyarbakir, and has also reached advanced stages, and we expect to carry out storage next year, and there is also another dam, which is an organizational named Carrot near to The Iraqi-Turkish border, and this will affect the amount of water that will return us across the border to the Mosul Dam. "
The file of water resources between Iraq and Turkey witnessed fluctuations and crises, exemplified by Turkey's construction of dams and projects on the headwaters of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers within its territory, the most important of which is the Ilisu Dam, which led to a severe shortage of water quantities entering Iraq and its negative impact on agriculture, irrigation and irrigation.
Regarding Iraq’s water needs this year, Dhiab pointed out that “there is no concern this year, because there is sufficient water storage available for us for the next summer season,” adding that “concern is in the long term according to a strategic study that determined this.”
As for the procedures following the visit of Prime Minister Mustafa Al-Kazemi to Turkey, and his discussion of the water file there, Diab noted that "the procedures were the establishment of the first water conference in Baghdad, and the ministry used this conference to invite the Turkish and Iranian side and specialists from the regional countries surrounding Iraq." "Its aim is to consolidate relations, to raise the issue of water at the highest level at the conference, to highlight the issue of water and to place it on the table at a higher level."
The Ministry of Water Resources holds its first conference entitled "Baghdad International Water Conference" under the slogan of planning and rational management of water resources to achieve sustainability for the period 13-14 of this March in Baghdad.
The ministry’s spokesman affirmed that “we will reach a joint bilateral agreement with neighboring Turkey,” adding that “the most important outputs of the strategic study of water and land in Iraq showed that if we did not reach an agreement with neighboring Turkey and completed its projects as well as the two neighbors, Syria and Iran, there would be a shortage. Up to 11 billion cubic meters of water supplies that will reach Iraq by 2035. "
There is a deficiency that we must face, and this is achieved first by reaching an agreement with Turkey, Iran and Syria, so that we guarantee a constant quantity of water that reaches Iraq, and in the event that there is a shortage throughout the river from the source to the downstream, this shortage should be distributed to everyone and not focus on the downstream country that It is Iraq, ”said Diab, who added that“ the ministry is working on this issue, and we have large storage vacuums, and there are 14 dams proposed in the strategic study for energy establishment, most of them in the Kurdistan Region to generate electricity. ”
Since 2014, the government has focused its efforts on fighting ISIS, which affected the implementation of the plans of the Ministry of Water Resources. At the same time, the government faced a decline in imports due to lower oil prices, but in 2018, the water file returned to the fore when more than 24,000 Basra residents were poisoned as a result of water pollution and hospitals and health centers were overwhelmed with them, and to prevent a recurrence of this health crisis, the ministry conducted a tour New negotiations with Turkey regarding the Ilisu Dam on the Tigris River, after a two-year hiatus.
Regarding the amount of water coming to Iraq, he explained that "there is a storage vacuum currently in the Mosul Dam, as well as in Dokan, Tharthar, Darbandikhan, Hamrin and Al-Azim, and these are all ready to receive any quantity that comes for storage purposes, that is, the issue is not related to the construction of dams."