The highest judicial authority in Iraq rejects a lawsuit against the Kurdistan Region regarding the constitutionality of its entity
The source told Shafaq News Agency, "The court rejected a lawsuit against the Kurdistan region as an (unconstitutional) entity, which was filed by a member of Parliament from the Wisdom Movement, Ali Shaddad."
The permanent constitution of Iraq states that the Kurdistan Region, which enjoys federal powers, consists of the governorates of Erbil, Sulaymaniyah, and Dohuk.
The establishment of the Kurdistan region of Iraq dates back to the autonomy treaty in March 1970, after the agreement between the Iraqi government and the Kurdish opposition after years of battles.
The region was destroyed during the war between Iran and Iraq in the eighties, as well as during the genocidal campaign (Anfal) launched by the Iraqi army on the Kurdish villages, but after the uprising of the Iraqi people in 1991 against the regime of Saddam Hussein, many Kurds were forced to flee and flee the country to become refugees in the border areas with Iran and Turkey.
In 1991, a no-fly zone was established in the region after the second Gulf War, which constituted a safe haven that facilitated the return of Kurdish refugees, and the Kurds later continued to fight the Baath regime, and the Iraqi forces eventually left the Kurdistan region in October 1991, and the region De facto autonomous, however, neither of the two main Kurdish parties (the KDP and the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan) declared independence at that time, and the Kurdistan Region still considers itself part of Iraq.
The invasion of Iraq in 2003 and subsequent political changes to the ratification of a new constitution for Iraq in 2005 defined the new Iraqi constitution for the Kurdistan Region of Iraq as a federal entity within Iraq, and made Arabic and Kurdish the two official languages in Iraq.
The Kurdistan Region of Iraq enjoys a democratic parliamentary rule with a regional parliament comprising of 111 seats. The first president of the region is Massoud Barzani, who was elected at the beginning of the year 2005 and re-elected in the year 2009. The new president of the Kurdistan region, Nechirvan Barzani was elected in June 2019.
The three governorates of Dohuk, Erbil, and Sulaymaniyah have an area of about 40,000 square kilometers (15,000 square miles), and a population of about 4 million.
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