2023-08-19 | 05:57
Alsumaria News - International
The New York Times said, in a report, quoting US officials, that the total number of Ukrainian and Russian soldiers who have been killed or wounded since the start of the war in Ukraine 18 months ago, is close to 500,000 dead, a number the newspaper described as ". Stunning", as Russia attacks its neighbor and tries to seize more territory.
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Officials cautioned that it remains difficult to estimate the number of casualties, because Moscow is believed to routinely underestimate the number of dead and wounded in the war, and Kiev has not released official figures. But they said the carnage had intensified this year in eastern Ukraine and continued at a steady pace as the three-month-old counteroffensive continued.
Half a million dead and injured in the Russia --Ukraine war
Officials said that Russian military losses are close to 300,000. The number includes up to 120 thousand dead and 170 to 180 thousand wounded. As for the Ukrainian figures, officials estimated the Ukrainian casualties in the war at approximately 70,000 dead and 100,000 to 120,000 wounded.
Analysts say Ukraine has about 500,000 troops, including active forces, reserve forces and paramilitaries. By contrast, Russia has roughly three times that number, with 1,300,000 active, reserve, and paramilitary forces, most of the latter from the [url=https://www.alsumaria.tv/Entity/2868734843/%D9%85%D8%AC%D9%85%D9%88%D8%B9%D8%A9 %D9%81%D8%A7%D8%BA%D9%86%D8%B1/ar/]Wagner group[/url].
The last American census of the victims of the Russia --Ukraine war
The Biden administration's last public casualty estimate came in November 2022, when General [url=https://www.alsumaria.tv/Entity/3871645796/%D9%85%D8%A7%D8%B1%D9%83 %D8%A3. %D9%85%D9%8A%D9%84%D9%8A/ar/]Mark A. Milley[/url], chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, said more than 100,000 troops on each side had been killed or wounded since the war began in February 2022. At the time Officials said in private sessions that the numbers are close to 120,000 dead and wounded.
But this number rose in the winter and spring, as the countries turned the eastern city of Bakhmut into a killing field. Hundreds of soldiers were killed or wounded every day for several weeks, American officials said, as the Russians took heavy losses, and so did the Ukrainians as they tried to seize every inch of land before losing the city in May.
Ukraine's counter attack on Russia
The first weeks of Kiev's counteroffensive this summer were particularly difficult for Ukraine. In the early stage, Western-trained Ukrainian forces struggled to use "combined arms maneuvers," a method of fighting in which infantry, armor, and artillery are used together in simultaneous attacks.
Ukrainian forces initially attempted to break through the dug-in Russian lines in combined mechanized arms formations. However, the Ukrainians, equipped with advanced American weaponry, were bogged down in the dense Russian minefields under constant fire from artillery and helicopter gunships.
In the first two weeks of the counterattack, up to 20 percent of the weapons Ukraine sent to the battlefield were damaged or destroyed, according to US and European officials. The losses included some of the formidable Western fighting machines — tanks and armored personnel carriers — that the Ukrainians had been counting on to push back the Russians. More importantly, officials said, thousands of soldiers were killed or wounded.
A senior US official acknowledged the high number of Ukrainian casualties, but said that in recent days, Ukrainian forces had begun striking the initial rings of Russian defences.
In recent weeks, Ukraine has changed its tactics on the battlefield, reverting to its old ways of weakening Russian forces with artillery and long-range missiles rather than plunging into minefields under fire.
[url=https://www.alsumaria.tv/Entity/45068/%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%88%D9%84%D8%A7%D9%8A%D8%A7%D8%AA %D8%A7%D9%84%D9%85%D8%AA%D8%AD%D8%AF%D8%A9/ar/]U.S.[/url] officials worry that Ukrainian adjustments will race through supplies of precious munitions that could benefit Russian President [url=https://www.alsumaria.tv/Entity/60567/%D9%81%D9%84%D8%A7%D8%AF%D9%8A%D9%85%D9%8A%D8%B1 %D8%A8%D9%88%D8%AA%D9%8A%D9%86/ar/]Vladimir Putin[/url] and harm Ukraine in a war of attrition. But Ukrainian leaders decided that their new policies reduced casualties and preserved their fighting power on the front lines.
In just a year and a half, the number of military deaths in Ukraine has already surpassed the number of American troops who have died in nearly two decades, American units have been in Vietnam (about 58,000), and nearly as many Afghan security forces have died during the entire war in Afghanistan. , from 2001 to 2021 (about 69,000).
The number of dead and wounded reflects the amount of lethal ammunition expended by both sides. Thousands of artillery rounds are fired each week, tanks batter buildings, land mines are everywhere, and drones fly overhead picking up troops below. When close combat occurs, it's like the battles of World War I: brutal and often in the trenches.
The numbers also indicate a lack of prompt medical care on the front line. The evacuation of wounded soldiers becomes increasingly difficult; Given the amount of artillery and gunfire that stops every engagement. Unlike the US wars in Afghanistan and Iraq, where US forces were strictly committed to evacuating the injured within the hour to a well-equipped medical facility, no such capacity exists in Ukraine.