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Established in 2006 as a Community of Reality

Welcome to the Neno's Place!

Neno's Place Established in 2006 as a Community of Reality


Neno

I can be reached by phone or text 8am-7pm cst 972-768-9772 or, once joining the board I can be reached by a (PM) Private Message.

Established in 2006 as a Community of Reality

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Established in 2006 as a Community of Reality

Many Topics Including The Oldest Dinar Community. Copyright © 2006-2020


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    The Exchange Rate of Foreign Currency in Economic Feasibility Studies

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    Post by Rocky Wed 13 Nov 2013, 3:02 am

    First topic message reminder :

    The Exchange Rate of Foreign Currency in Economic Feasibility Studies


     
    Economic Feasibility Studies


    Below are the central controls related to the exchange rate of the foreign currency to convert the project inputs and outputs from foreign currency to its equivalent in the local currency, and that is by calculating the net discounted present value standard and the internal return on investments in economic analysis that governs investment projects that costs excess one million dinars.

     

    Estimate the shadow price of foreign currency:

     
    1.It is necessary to put central controls to amend the official exchange rate * to reflect the shadow price of the foreign currency, and that is considered one of the necessary  requirements to implement  the net discounted present value standard and the internal return rate on investment in the economic calculation stated in the instructions, paragraph nine.

    The central controls for adjusting market prices distinguished a group of outputs and inputs traded internationally, where the projects production or usage of them is reflected on the abundance of foreign currency in the economy and thus project outputs or inputs used of such are considered purely foreign currency outputs or inputs.

     

     

     

    * What is meant by exchange rate: the number of units of foreign currency, expressed in dollar per one dinar.

    In particular the following outputs and inputs of foreign currency were distinguished:

     
    Export-outputs.
    Outputs marketed locally that substitute imports.
    Imported inputs.
    Inputs produced locally that usually go to exports.
    Foreign labor.

    According to the pricing rules the value of the output and input (traded) is calculated using export prices (FOB) and import prices (CIF), according to what is listed in the pricing rules.

    In other words the pricing rules calculate what the project produces from foreign currency (quantity of exports multiplied by the export price (FOB) in foreign currency or the quantity of substitute imports multiplied by the import price (CIF) in foreign currency, as well as what the project uses from foreign currency and imported inputs multiplied by the import price (CIF) in foreign currency .... etc.).

    In a later step, project outputs and inputs must be converted from the foreign currency to its equivalent in local currency (dinars) by using a specific exchange rate for the foreign currency.

     

     
    1.Justifications for exchange-rate adjustment: there are a number of important and powerful arguments which support the view that the official exchange rate reduces the real value of foreign currency for purposes of calculating the  economic national profitability for investment projects and hence for the purposes of investment planning. It is demonstrated in this context to call for assessing the dinar for less than (3.208) dollar (official exchange rate) when assessing project outputs and inputs of traded goods of exports, substitute imports and imports... etc.

     

    The justifications to call for the use of an exchange rate that is lower than the official exchange rate are:

     
    The use of an exchange rate that is lower than the official rate is the appropriate action at the investment planning level to translate the country’s economic strategy aiming at stimulating central investments in the sectors that encourage the development of non-oil exports, as well as sectors that encourage the expansion of domestic production base in order to reduce imports and compensate it with local commodities. This helps to reduce reliance on foreign exchange earnings from crude oil exports and increases the share of non-oil sectors in the local production.

     
    The application of the amended exchange rate on project imported inputs will assist in directing investments away from aggregated sectors dependent on imported inputs and the preference of those sectors that rely on locally produced inputs.

     
    The use of the amended exchange rate helps to correct the balance in favor of the traded goods sectors compared to non-traded goods.

     
    The real exchange rate has declined rapidly since the early seventies, through rapid rise of the level of prices and local costs which led by the steadiness of the official exchange rate to change in prices and actual local rate costs that gave an advantage for imported goods at the expense of locally produced goods, meaning that it led to deterioration of the competitiveness of alternative replacement goods and export commodities.

     
    This action shows that the official exchange rate overestimates the value of the dinar, compared to the foreign currency and from the promoting goods substituting imports and export commodities point of view of.

     

    And in support to this view is the state’s utilization and in a broad approach to the customs and quantitative protection policies especially for consumer goods, as well as export subsidies that exports have through an amended export exchange rate.

     

     
    1.Estimate the amended exchange rate of the Iraqi dinar to be used in technical and economical feasibility studies and for (1.134) dollar per dinar. This price should be approved for 3 years until re-appreciation by the competent authorities.

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    Post by Screwball Thu 14 Nov 2013, 6:56 pm

    neno posted one the oother by some dude on either FC or EC that said reserves put them at 2.5 USD
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    Post by Neno Thu 14 Nov 2013, 7:38 pm

    Neno wrote:
    bajachaser wrote:"BUT WHEN"....?
    Will put together a post this evening that will show that. Stay tuned.... ;)
    Sorry but I have ran out of time to put this together tonight. I do not want to rush thru it cause i want everyone to understand it and have there own thoughts posted so, I will get it up hopefully tomorrow evening. I just had to many catchup to do from this week and just got done but need to get ready for tomorrow. When I get it up it will be titled WHEN!!
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    Post by jacksmack Thu 14 Nov 2013, 8:04 pm

    Neno wrote:Sorry but I have ran out of time to put this together tonight. I do not want to rush thru it cause i want everyone to understand it and have there own thoughts posted so, I will get it up hopefully tomorrow evening. I just had to many catchup to do from this week and just got done but need to get ready for tomorrow. When I get it up it will be titled WHEN!!
    Man, don't go "Baghdad Invest" on me. That kinda thing makes me want to fight............... Just how big of a boy are you?....... I about 150lbs. but I move fast!!! Fly like a butterfly an sting .........like one too.
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    Post by ahill Thu 14 Nov 2013, 10:00 pm

    We'll have to keep track of Hillary ---- remember when she went to Iraq and came out of the Bank with some briefcases?.

    Hmmmmm ..... made everybody wonder what was in the briefcases .... IQD  you think?

    If Hillary is running to the Bank -  we better follow .... who knows how long we have to
    cash our money in.

    a
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    Post by Neno Fri 15 Nov 2013, 4:01 am

    jacksmack wrote:
    Neno wrote:Sorry but I have ran out of time to put this together tonight. I do not want to rush thru it cause i want everyone to understand it and have there own thoughts posted so, I will get it up hopefully tomorrow evening. I just had to many catchup to do from this week and just got done but need to get ready for tomorrow. When I get it up it will be titled WHEN!!
    Man, don't go "Baghdad Invest" on me. That kinda thing makes me want to fight............... Just how big of a boy are you?....... I about 150lbs. but I move fast!!! Fly like a butterfly an sting .........like one too.
    lol, I am smarter than that. Also, to old these days but hey, smarter from that too I invested in butterfly catchers.... ;)
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    Post by Cat561 Fri 15 Nov 2013, 5:33 am

    But you should see his son-in-law Jack he is Gianormous... would make any dude run away fast ... AND he likes Tommy too !! hehehe
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    Post by csd9013 Sat 16 Nov 2013, 2:26 pm

    Neno wrote:Will put together a post this evening that will show that. Stay tuned.... ;)
    Are you still working on the post? Inquiring minds want to know. ;)
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    Post by mr350 Mon 25 Nov 2013, 12:30 pm

    Neno, have you uploaded your post titled “WHEN”? I would very much like to read it.

    mr350
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    Post by Neno Mon 25 Nov 2013, 8:38 pm

    mr350 wrote:Neno, have you uploaded your post titled “WHEN”? I would very much like to read it.

    mr350
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