19:55 - 2022-10-24
Today, Monday, the Ministry of Environment proposed solutions to stop burning associated gas and invest it in energy production and support the economy, and while it raised the negatives of this burning, he confirmed that Iraq is second in the world after Russia in its quantities.
Issa Al-Fayyad, director of the technical department of the ministry, said, "The process of burning gas associated with crude oil extractive operations is one of the negative phenomena accompanying the oil industry, which causes economic losses on the one hand and pollutes the surrounding environment on the other."
He pointed out, "The environmental and health impacts are represented by the spread of respiratory diseases and cancer, and the emergence and settlement of new diseases that did not exist previously, as well as the collapse or extinction of ecosystems for biodiversity, which causes an imbalance in the environmental balance, whose damages may reach catastrophic results that cannot be adapted to or confront it."
He added, "The release of emissions to the atmosphere, which include carbon oxides, sulfur oxides, nitrogen oxides, hydrogen sulfide and methane gas, is due to incomplete combustion as a result of the lack of appropriate conditions for burning."
And he continued, "The main reason for the producing companies to burn associated gas is the lack of units for gas processing," noting that "in the event that processing units are available, gas will be used to operate gas electric power plants to compensate for the lack of energy in Iraq, which will lead to providing a ceiling A broad investment of returns that include diversifying the sources of the national economy and the great benefits that this entails.
He noted, "The burning operations are directly proportional to the production capacity for extracting crude oil, and the Rumaila, West Qurna and Zubair fields represent the first ranks in the quantities of burned gas."
He stressed that "the possible solutions to stop the phenomenon of burning are through the establishment of assembly, compression and processing units near the oil fields, in addition to units for investing dry and wet gas and sulfur treatment units."
Al-Fayyadh pointed out that "the monitoring teams of the Ministry of Environment are continuing the work of environmental monitoring for the various stages of the oil industry, and legal measures are being taken against the violating activities and events in accordance with the Law of Protection and Improvement of the Environment No. 27 of 2009."
He explained, "The ministry is working in coordination with the Ministry of Oil to follow up on the implementation of gas investment projects and the establishment of treatment units, which represent a successful alternative to burning operations at the environmental and economic levels," noting that "the Ministry of Oil has begun implementing plans for natural gas investment gradually, and the implementation of special projects will be completed. During the period 2024 to 2027, leading to a full investment of the gas produced in 2030.
He pointed out, "Iraq worked in coordination with the Norwegian side to prepare detailed studies on the quantities of associated gas that are burned in oil fields, and it was found that Iraq is the second country in the world after Russia that burns quantities of gas associated with oil extractive operations."
He added, "There is a double investment in selling carbon, which is a new global market that includes the purchase of carbon reduction units resulting from reducing greenhouse gas emissions and stopping burning operations through the issuance of certificates or coupons for trading in the global market. The prices of a ton of carbon dioxide CO2 range between 50-50 $100 per ton.
[You must be registered and logged in to see this link.]