is no doubt that the political class Salah, Salah leads to the other classes of society. Because the same people, those responsible for creating the class and find them, he had to choose his representative carefully and impartially. Class, which is leading the political process, does not deny that it made mistakes over the years, and today, has the opportunity to correct those mistakes, and overcome. What country suffering from the problems of security and health and service, political, endures all, including silent. Given that our young democracy came from the top, not the bottom, as is the case in Western democracies, it was incumbent on the political blocs to establish democracy as a starting point makes it strong going forward, absolutely free. I mean, this is the starting point of the Constitution. It is true that the first permanent constitution since the overthrow of the monarchy, but he instead found to civilian rule is progressing quickly in order to avoid setbacks and failures caused by the policies totalitarianism of the former regime, we find the most prominent obstructionists to the march of democracy across some articles and texts that have been formulated vaguely fabricated, and has made the country is going through a political crisis, whenever It's time to apply, especially that those constitutional articles play a pivotal role in the formulation and determine the form of government, for political blocs if they really serious in avoiding political crises that hinder the construction of the state to get rid of those crises forever by referring to the causes, and what was the Constitution one of the most those causes, the amendment would be a chore.
problem is that the political atmosphere and the current security is no better than the atmosphere in which the age of the Constitution in the year 2005, but after more than 9 years passed, showing that the amendment is a critical necessity for all, Fbtsahih the course of the summit, we can create real democracy is democracy full of crises. Today became the correct path of the political process, a requirement for all politicians, including themselves, especially those who complain of marginalization and exclusion, and who are demanding extra rights and new gains. Therefore, they first have to contribute to correcting the public on the grounds that they Fleon participants in the political process, according to the harmonic system, and can not pass a single law without the consent of a smaller mass. They claim that the first amendment of the Constitution, which can not be guaranteed without a political process intact. Constitution itself, the text of the measures amended in Article 126 the following paragraph: (President of the Republic, or the Council of Ministers collectively, or five members of the House proposal to amend the Constitution. After the proposal is to provide amendments to the House of Representatives, where required to approve these amendments to be approved by two-thirds of the members of the Council and then approved by the people In a referendum on the amendments and then endorsement of the president within 7 days). Although these measures seem closer to the shops to investigate them but the insistence of the blocks and the existence of a genuine desire to change may be the cause of passed. Eight political situation and the differences prevent the adoption of the most basic laws of how the Constitution? The idea of the amendment is a must to avoid crises and problems in the future. We can recall the most important constitutional provisions that must be adjusted as caused a lot of differences and impeded the formation of governments.
1. Amendment of Article Organization to amend the Constitution, they are placed as we have said impossible conditions. Then she equated the will of the people as a whole and acceptance between the will of one person who is president of the republic, Flo has been proposed amendment and the approval of two-thirds of the members and then approved by the people by referendum, and when it comes to the role of President of the Republic does not endorse during the 7-day, what is the fate of the amendment? The silence of the Constitution, it did not say, for example, that the amendment is not to reject the ratification did not say that the passage of a certain period without ratification makes the amendment shall take effect as is the case in other texts, the president is the person may vary conviction with the conviction of the people and parliament whole and can not be held accountable here as it had in March his constitutional right. Only recourse left to the Federal Court, which complicates the issue more, so it must amend this article and make measures to amend the constitution to make more flexible the Constitution in line with the developments that you get after approval.
2. Amendment of Article 76, which reads as follows: (president assigns the candidate of the parliamentary majority, the formation of the Council of Ministers, within fifteen days from the date of election of the President of the Republic). As we know that this article has caused a lot of political crises since 2010, when differed two blocks on the meaning of the parliamentary majority, Vaketlh Her highest number of votes it claims that her right to form a cabinet, while insisting other bloc that it is the right owner on the grounds that the Constitution intentionally largest bloc is which is formed inside the House of Representatives. And what is the interpretation of Article lifting of the Federal Court replied that the biggest bloc, which is formed within the House of Representatives. The same problem raised in the current year after the election, where the blocks also differed on the meaning of the biggest bloc. Did not end the problem, but in the final moments of the end of the constitutional period mandated by the candidate of the biggest, so it's the House of Representatives this article be amended to avoid the problems raised, it is certain that the next election will also see the crisis over the biggest bloc.
3. Repeal or amendment of Article 41, which reads as follows: (Iraqis are free to abide by their personal status according to their religions or sects or beliefs or choices. Regulated by law). This article sparked a lot of dilemmas and caused the outbreak of countless crises, most recently the issuance of a bill passed relied upon in the Council of Ministers. This article has been activated if it really was the issuance of the laws of personal status of each religion or doctrine or belief or choice, for the transformation of the judiciary to the chaos and lost a lot of the rights of women and children. The biggest problem is to find Cspbha port to break the social fabric of Iraqi society and tearing at a time when we need to intensify efforts to counter the threat of sectarianism and division of community.
4. Cancel paragraph 4 of Article 18, which allowed the multiplicity of Iraqi nationality but banned on who would assume sovereign position, Most officials in the government and parliament have more than one nationality, but they did not give their nationalities other. Despite the requirement that the law governing this process, but the parliament has not initiated such a law until now. Cancel this text is required because no one committed and can not be done so at the present time, Vhvaza the prestige and respect for the Constitution, it is necessary to cancel this text.
5. Amendment of Article 112, which stipulates that the administration and the extraction of oil from existing fields is one of the common terms of reference for the governments of the region and the center, the word means that the current fields that are drilled later subject to the authority of the regions only, and this is the reason for the problems between Baghdad and Erbil. At least delete the word (current) only.
these amendments despite the difficult adult but if there wills real by the people to choose his representatives to do these tasks for the afflicted, those odds, but some voters choose their representatives for the purposes of another, and finally we can say that Iraq will not be a politically stable as long as the constitution survived without modification.
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