Islamic particular social market economy
[rtl] Faris Al Salman *
We talked in a previous article (published in the morning newspaper with four rings in the period from June 1 to 7) for the vision to determine the identity of the Iraqi economy, and specifically the social market economy.
The article sparked a lot of reactions were mostly positive, while others objected who confused them in order to differentiate between international socialism and the social market economy, but the difference between them and a large very substantial, a Masnthbth in this article.
Manipulate large companies market economy consists of three elements: liberated thelabor force and the mechanism of supply and demand and a tool of growth, and in thelight of globalization and neoliberalism, dominated by multinational and intercontinental major companies on these components. In the field of labor force: managed these companies to defeat the trade unions in the many industrialized countries through theuse of temporary workers, ie the provision of temporary jobs on temporary contracts do not arrange financial commitments to these companies through the employment ofuniversity students who Iromon financing their college education expenses to work part -time or working temporary unfair terms, in exchange for job cuts permanent caused by the negative impact of cycles of capitalism and characterized by an abundance of supply and weak demand and deflation or recession. this has resulted in a borrowed competition and the pursuit overheating to reduce production costs and reduce workers 'wages to a minimum, thus reducing job opportunities and limited wage and cut social benefits levels. In Western Europe it has been the use of migrant labor internally and cheap wages, especially those coming from Eastern European countries which joined the European Union, has invested large companies that employment at the expense of local and national labor force. Not big companies stop at this point, but proceeded to penetrate the socialist parties which came to power in their respective countries theefforts of the trade unions, which led to those parties to shun their audiences, but even they have adopted more stringent than the right - wing parties positions !!!. Perhaps thebest example of this is the French Socialist party 's position on the draft of the new labor law France, which led to the anger of labor, strikes massive carried out by the trade unions and student unions have threatened the French economy was paralyzed. In thearea of supply and demand: dominated by big companies on the global industrial product, and began to control demand through governed by the offer, shreds price does not result from a natural interaction between supply and demand, but became captivated factors artificially is not caused by the natural movement of the market. in the area ofeconomic growth rates: As a result of the dominance of big companies on the supply and demand for manpower and their remuneration, they succeeded in extending its control over growth tools, either government employees which has become a mere municipality staff mired in bureaucracy. neoliberal risk have produced a neo - liberal theory pattern of injustice which led to the obstruction of investment and slow growth, and led to high unemployment and inflation rates, and offset by a decrease in thepurchasing power of the individual, which enter the advanced countries in the spiral ofrecession and massive budget deficits , such as Greece and Italy and Spain.Manipulating economic Balmekdrat and a market economy has led to the collapse now threatening the disintegration of the European Union, and the best proof of that embark Britain out of this bloc, the crisis of Greece 's large fiscal deficit and unemployment in Spain, Italy and Portugal put the European Union in front of the challenge of existence, prompting the leaders of Germany, France and Italy to prepare for a meeting in order toapprove the reform plan to avoid the disintegration of the European Union contract. One of the aspects of globalization and new liberalism is to reduce income taxes on big companies and banks at a time when growing their profits, consists economic surplus increasingly accompanied by a continuous decline in social services, by subjecting social development considerations narrow utilitarian market, neo - liberals are demanding theliquidation of the state 's role and support sector Special liquidation mixed and public sector in order to convert them to the economy of the market. social market economy: Germany model multiple theories of socialism have emerged, but most of them deviated from its premises basic, ranging from national socialism that produced later Nazi dictatorship in Germany, passing through fascism in Italy, who Mthelta at what workers and employers stage together, and quickly transformed themselves later to thedictatorships. Then other theories have emerged , such as social liberalism and liberal democracy , socialism and the theory of socialism «social democratic» democracy and socialism, the latter two relatively successful, but who did not get to the level of success of the German social market economy theory. The economy is characterized by thetheory of a social market that it does not eliminate the price mechanisms and the global market mechanisms, but it determines the economic the surplus to go to development, and this is an issue purely national, state is concerned to determine the proportion of theeconomic surplus to finance economic and social Altnmetin. Without a doubt, the social market system has proved to be successful in achieving the welfare state, as is the case in Germany, by achieving economic surplus is high, and the collection of progressive taxes, and the sharing of industry, agriculture and services earnings and surplus of theeconomic process as a whole, between employers and workers, as well as social spending. Between capitalism and the social market economy, that of the leading capitalist doctrine attributes that: 1 - believes in private ownership. 2 - and exploits the property freely and without restriction. 3 - guarantees freedom of consumption. In a free market economy, the role of the state a negative and restrictive shrug protect socially society this has resulted from that: 1 - rumor temporary work system against the high unemployment 2 - higher productivity and reducing social services 3 - increased productivity and the stagnation of wages 4 - high unemployment either social market economy , he believes in the following: 1 - access to the rates of economic growth to run high labor. 2 - provision of effective social care. 3 - social welfare and social justice. In the social market economy, the role of government oversight and maintains the focus of the economy Kalthvez economic legislation of fair competition laws and approval of social security policies and prevent monopoly and anti - dumping. common mistake there those who believe that the social market economy belongs to the socialist theory internationalism, and in fact is the model proposed by two Germans (Alfred Ormick and Udwing Earhart), which combines the positives of a free market economy in terms of economic power efficient and the abundance of product, and takes out thesocialist theory avoid fierce competition, monopoly and prevent the exploitation ofworkers and allow the creation of powerful trade unions involved in the decision -making, accompanied by strict control of the government and not to allow commercial operations abusing the social system. the theory (Earhart) is to try to combine thefreedom of trade , social justice and economic growth within the framework of aneconomic and social system balanced. Islam the social market economy recognizes Islam ownership varied or dual ownership, a model of religious belief is designed to achieve social justice and respect for individual and collective ownership, since Islam allows economic freedom up to the moral and ethical values that he believes in Islam, a religion and a way to fine tune souls. relies social freedom in Islam on certain basic elements, namely: 1 - self - determination resulting from education, stemming from thehuman soul and the spiritual and intellectual content of the Islamic personality. 2 - social determination of social values in the Muslim community. self Valthdid means moral and social responsibility to pay Zakat and work righteousness , according to an illegitimate prevents is inconsistent with religion usury , for example, because it hurts the community, that is to say specifically prohibits religious subversive activities in the community and allows the state to intervene to protect the public interest «you are free even harm».These selections are mentioned in Islamic jurisprudence , which is divided into thejurisprudence of worship containing the practical provisions for the actions of thetaxpayer and his relationship with God Almighty Ktharh, prayer, almsgiving and fasting, etc., and the jurisprudence of the transaction , which includes a series of legal rulings process governing the relationship in charge of the society, including the civil provisions, and the jurisprudence of the family and the pleadings and border relations between theruler and the ruled , international relations and economic provisions and the contracts of all kinds. The Islamic justice has achieved the following: 1 - the principle of universal solidarity. 2 - the principle of social balance has Islam was the first to announce theprinciple of social security and that poverty does not stem from nature but the result of poor distribution and deviation from the good relations between the members of thecommunity, as in the Hadith (the hungry poor , but including its rich pleasures). He also wrote , Islam slaves and advocated social justice and denied hoarding gold, silver and impose on them Zakat and forbidden usury and gave the state the right to full control in the supervision of markets and economic process , and this leads us to the Islamic Economy: 1 - believes the dual ownership or diverse 2 - believes in economic freedom are codified and specified values Islamic production, exchange and consumption and prevent monopoly. 3 - believes in the principle of social justice to achieve solidarity and balance in society. in other words, Islam has put the building blocks of the social market economy , applied the theory of 1,400 years ago, and here we pay attention to that intended to deal with Islam , not to be considered we have, because the man free to belief, but we mean the spirit of the text dealing with the socio - economic theory achieve social justice and equal opportunities, as well as to strengthen solidarity in society and achieve equality humanity, and we refer to it later and applied. * economic forum chairman Baghdad[/rtl]
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